Due to the dry and hot weather in Cordoba, the inhabitants of the city, first the Romans and later the Muslims adapted the popular type of home needs, focusing housing around a courtyard, which usually had a source the center and often a well collected rainwater. Muslims readapted this scheme giving entrance to the house from the street through a hallway and placing lush vegetation to increase the feeling of freshness.
There are two distinct types of courts: A first family house where rooms are distributed around this. Usually cloistered and the floor is tiled or mosaic pavement. A second, of tenement, now less popular day, where you can access to housing. Usually has two levels, so the yard is enriched with long balconies, stairs and roof. The soils are usually paved. Frequently the well rather than the source and common laundry.
The most characteristic neighborhood is the Alcázar Viejo, between the Alcazar and the parish of St. Basil, but also found in the Santa Marina, near San Lorenzo and Magdalena. In the vicinity of the Cathedral Mosque, the Jewish quarter also presents examples of great beauty and antiquity. The most beautiful example is found in the Palacio de Viana, offering twelve different patios.