This municipality is placed to an altitude of 162 meters and to 35 kilometers of the capital of the province, Cordova.
Pedro Abad's origin, as we know it today, it comes from the conquest, in Moslem epoch, from Cordova for King Fernando III. Ramirez counts and of the Houses Deza, and contributed by Osuna and Cabrera, in the trascripción of the copies of a manuscript appeared in the hermitage of the Holiest Christ de Los Desamparados of Pedro Abad, which the monarch created at the end of 1235, in the place that today there occupies the population, a camp turned later into hospital, where he established himself to offer spiritual aid the abbot Pedro de Meneses, who was bringing with it the crucified one. The diverse miraculous facts attributed to this image did that Fernando III was giving the orders to construct a hermitage and houses for those who wanted to live in the above-mentioned place, which they were exempt from any chest or tax.
The entail of the abbot Pedro de Meneses to the population performs a vital importance. The Abbot Pedro, of Galician origin, was born in Campobecerros, and being a person in Santa Maria of the Breast it is convinced to take part in the conquest of the south of the peninsula, for what it moves with Christ Crucificado's image, which it was possessing for familiar inheritance; image that is venerated by the name of The Holiest Christ de Los Desamparados. Previously exposed and the existence of a source in the place, which was forming a part of a way travelled enough in the 13th century, they would give the primitive name to newly created village: Per Abad's Source, as it consists in a document dated in 1272, refers to his church, which concerned to the archdeaconship of Cordova, mentioning the place as Per Abad's Source, where this toponym appears.