Chronology. 1st century

Description. The amphitheater of Cordoba is an ancient Roman amphitheater located in the city of Cordoba. Built in the 1st century, it is the largest known amphitheater in Hispania and the third largest in the entire empire after the Colosseum and the amphitheater of Carthage, although at the time of its construction it was the largest ever built. The amphitheater was active until the beginning of the 4th century when it was abandoned.

The construction of an interpretation center of the amphitheater has been proposed in the back of the grounds of the rectorate of the University of Córdoba, where the site where a portion of the amphitheater has been found is located.

It is an amphitheater with an elliptical plan whose main axis measures 178 meters and its minor axis about 140 meters, making it the largest in Hispania and the third largest in the empire. The tier was divided into three parts (the Ima Cavea, the Media Cavea, and the Summa Cavea) reaching an altitude of 20 meters. It had a capacity of approximately 30,000 to 50,000 spectators.

The building was built in the 1st century, being at that time the largest ever built, and later, in the 4th century, the building was abandoned.

In November 2002, during the archaeological tasting held on the grounds surrounding the building of the University of Cordoba's rectory, the remains of what until now were thought to be the second Roman circus in the city were analyzed. , due to its elliptical plant and the discovery of several inscriptions of gladiators, it ended up determining that in reality they were the remains of the Roman amphitheater, whose existence was known but the place where it had been located was not known.

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