It houses one of the areas of Mediterranean forest and unspoiled shores of Sierra Morena.
In part, this recognition is due to the great biodiversity that houses this Cordoba countryside. The oak, the dominant species, lives with cork and oak trees in wetter areas; with olive trees in the river valleys, and even carob and palm, if the substrate is limestone, as in the Southwest.
Where the soil is of quartzite and slate in landscape deep ravines carved by the major rivers of the Natural Park appear: the Bembézar the Retortillo and Guadiato. Walking the Path of Guadalora, Bembézar tributary of the riparian forest that lays out, kingdom of species such as poplar, alder, willow and ash, along with hawthorn, ivy and oleander is discovered.
Walking along the paths of contemplation is easy prey, as the park hosts one of the largest colonies of black vultures in Andalusia, in addition to a large population of griffon vulture. Real, Imperial and Bonelli's Eagles and Black Storks also nest in this space. Other more timid animals are the otter, mongoose, deer and wild boar.
It is highly recommended to visit the towns that make up the park: Hornachuelos, Posadas, Almodóvar del Río and Villaviciosa de Córdoba. In them you can taste the mountain delicacies such as sausages or game meat, and bring as many souvenir jars of honey or joiners jobs and taxidermists. Nor can we leave the park without visiting the village of San Calixto, located in the heart of the Sierra, and admire its architectural setting and the exquisite work of the Discalced Carmelite community that sits there.